Can You Take Bitcoin for Legal Fees?

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Can-You-Take-Bitcoin-For-Legal-FeesIn Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, attorney Atticus Finch accepted nuts from Mr. Cunningham as payment for legal services. If you can be paid in nuts for legal work, can you be paid in Bitcoins? One jurisdiction answered that question.

You’ve probably heard or seen “Bitcoin” in the news recently about it’s value being greater than $17,000, as well as being volatile and fluctuating in value by thousands of dollars. You may have also heard of blockchain technology, which is the technology that Bitcoin relies on.

What is Blockchain Technology?

Blockchain technology is simply a digital ledger that can’t be corrupted. It’s a global online database that is decentralized, public and distributed to thousands of nodes or computers. Since the digital ledger is public, any record or transaction that takes place is verified by the nodes to ensure a transaction is unique and authentic. The consensus by these thousands of nodes eliminates the issue of a hacker or a need for a third party to verify a transaction. If you want to learn more about blockchain technology and how it can affect the future, watch this video.

What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital or virtual currency that was invented in 2009. Bitcoin is not controlled by a bank or government like other currencies, but instead relies on blockchain technology to verify its authenticity. You can use Bitcoin to buy goods and services. There are websites, like that lists businesses that will accept Bitcoin.

Can I Get Paid in Bitcoin?

Nebraska is the first state to issue an ethics opinion on this question. Nebraska’s ethics opinion answers three questions about digital currencies: 1) May an attorney receive digital currencies such as Bitcoin as payment for legal services? 2)May an attorney receive digital currencies from third parties as payment for the benefit of a client’s account? 3) May an attorney hold digital currencies in trust or escrow for clients?

May an attorney receive digital currencies such as Bitcoin as payment for legal services?

The ethics opinion says yes – if you convert the digital currency into U.S. dollars immediately upon receipt. Converting the Bitcoin to U.S. currency will ensure compliance with the rules regarding fees. As I’ve stated above, Bitcoin value is volatile and can fluctuate wildly. The value of one Bitcoin on January 1, 2017 was $1,000, but rose to $17,000 on December 7, 2017. Waiting to convert the digital currency is not only risky, but you can see the opportunity of accepting an unreasonable fee.

May an attorney receive digital currencies from third parties as payment for the benefit of a client’s account?

One of the key advantages of using Bitcoin is its ability to be pseudo-anonymous. Sending and receiving Bitcoins doesn’t require you to provide from personal identifying information, but it’s not completely anonymous. As an attorney, you must ensure that whoever is paying you in Bitcoin doesn’t interfere with your independence or relationship with the client.

May an attorney hold digital currencies in trust or escrow for clients?

Similar to holding other property, an attorney may hold Bitcoins in trust or escrow for client. However, the ethics opinion suggests that you take additional steps to ensure its safekeeping. Since Bitcoin is a digital currency, it is susceptible to hackers and other security concerns. Thus, the attorney must take reasonable measures to ensure its safekeeping.

If you plan on receiving Bitcoin as a retainer to be drawn from when fees are earned, you must convert the Bitcoin to U.S. dollars and then deposit it into your trust account.


Technology, such as blockchain and Bitcoin, continues to alter the legal industry. Be agile and ready to meet the needs of your tech savvy clients.

By |January 22nd, 2018|

About the Author:

For years, Josh has helped lawyers become more organized, productive, and profitable. A trained litigator, Josh came to Smokeball from a large east-coast law firm where his practice focused on franchise, insurance, marine, and general litigation. His work with Smokeball, and his continued passion for what he does each day, is driven by a desire to help lawyers and their staff do better in every way. Knowing well the stress and strain put on today’s legal professional, he regularly focuses on improving work and life in the law. He has traveled the country working with and learning from lawyers and their staff. Josh speaks regularly to bar associations about successful law firm practices and other legal topics. Recent notable engagements have been with the Chicago Bar Association, the Illinois State Bar Association, and the Missouri Bar’s Solo and Small Firm Conference. In addition to his work at Smokeball, Josh serves on the Writing Resource Center staff at The John Marshall Law School. Besides legal technology, his research interests include judicial decision-making, jury decision-making and psychology, and legal writing. He has written and overseen research exploring causal effects of sex/gender on federal appellate court decision-making, and assisted with research for a forthcoming textbook on judicial decision-making. Additionally, Josh sits on the Board of Directors of Chicago-based Community Activism Law Alliance and on the Board of Directors of Chicago Fringe Opera Company. Josh holds his J.D., cum laude, from Washington University in St. Louis, where he served as a Senior Editor of the Wash. U. Law Review, held the prestigious Thompson Coburn Research Fellowship, served as Research Assistant to then-Vice-Dean (now Chancellor) Andrew D. Martin, and clerked at the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. He holds a B.A. in Political Science and a B.M. in Music Performance with Honors Scholar distinction from the University of Connecticut, making him a Huskies basketball fan through and through. Follow Josh’s activity on LinkedIn, and keep up with new articles on the Smokeball Blog.